Ultrafiltration (UF) is an important water purification technology used for production of high-purity water.
UF is effective in the removal of colloids, proteins, bacteria, pyrogens (e.g. gram-negative bacterial endotoxins), and other organic molecules larger than 0.1 - 0.2 Micron in size.
Basic Principles of Ultrafiltration
Ultrafiltration is a pressure-driven purification process in which water and low molecular weight substances permeate a membrane while particles, colloids, and macromolecules are filtered. The primary removal mechanism is size exclusion. A properly designed UF cartridge allows efficient rising of ionic redidue from the cleaning and rapidly returns to optimal resistivity and organic purity (see figures 1 and 2). Reagent-grade sodium hydroxide has proven to be and effective cleaning agent with the following benefits:
Effective bacterial destruction
Effective depyrogenation (endotoxin reduction)
Efficient destruction of organic contamination
Reduced occurrence of chemical by-product formation
Minimal residue of chemical interference
Economical and easy-to-use cleaning age
How UF Membranes Look
The UF Membranes are available in several different formats: as standard sizes 10"x2.5" and 20"x2.5" for industry-standard housings. Also available as small capsule and as inline UF cartridge with 1/4" quick connect fittings:
More products utilizing UF membranes can be found here